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走进圣经
来源:未知 阅读次数: 发布时间:2013-01-09
    《圣经》是基督教的经典著作,基督教起源于希伯来人创立的世界上最早的神教—犹太教,产生于公元一世纪中期,基督教徒们把记载基督教的传播、发展等文字,起名为《新约》。《新约》和犹太教经典《旧约》合二为一,就成为现在的《圣经》。《圣经》对英语语言也产生了巨大的影响,成为英美语言的一大源泉。所以学习英美文化、习俗、语言,就必须对圣经有所了解。
(二)英美文学大多取材于《圣经》
    英美文学是英美人对自己人生体验的文化表现的一种形式,阅读英美文学作品,可以促进人们了解西方文化,了解到西方文化思想观点、价值评判、西方人看待世界的认知态度。英美文学是对时代和生活的审美表现,是英国人民和美国人民创造性使用英语语言的产物。英语表意功能强,文体风格变化多样,其丰富的表现力和独特的魅力在英美作家的作品里得到了淋漓尽致的发挥。阅读优秀的英美文学作品,可以感受到英语富有乐律性的语调和丰富多彩的语汇语言运用方法
而要了解外国文学,我们就不得不谈到《圣经》,文学作品中很多地方都搬照了圣经故事,如《亚伯拉罕潘祭献子》搬照了亚伯拉罕祭献以撒的故事,《挪亚及其儿子们》搬演了洪水方舟故事。它们主要演绎圣经故事,宣传教义,间或也穿插了世俗生活的内容。英国资产阶级革命时期的著名诗人弥尔顿三大诗作《失乐园》、《复乐园》和《力士三孙》的主体材料都得自圣经,其中《失乐园》的题材主要取自伊甸园神话。
让我们走进圣经,走进一个不同国度的远古世界。如果你很好奇,想了解更多,就找一本,阅读吧。
 
 
Story 1
God Begins to Make Things
ALL the good things we have come from God. He made the sun to give us light by day, and the moon and stars so we can have some light at night. And God made the earth for us to live on.
But the sun, the moon, the stars and the earth were not the first things God made. Do you know what was the first? God first made persons like himself. We can’t see these persons, just as we can’t see God. In the Bible these persons are called angels. God made the angels to live with himself in heaven.
The first angel God made was very special. He was God’s first Son, and he worked with his Father. He helped God to make all other things. He helped God to make the sun, the moon, the stars and also our earth.
What was the earth like then? In the beginning no one could live on earth. There was nothing but one big ocean of water all over the land. But God wanted people to live on earth. So he began to get things ready for us. What did he do?
Well, first the earth needed light. So God made the light from the sun to shine on the earth. He made it so there could be both nighttime and daytime. Afterward God caused land to come up above the water of the ocean.
At first there was nothing on the land. It looked like the picture you see here. There were no flowers or trees or animals. There were not even any fish in the oceans. God had a lot more work to do to make the earth really nice for animals and people to live on.
上帝开始创造万物
我们享有的一切美物都是来自上帝。他造了太阳,供给我们日光;也造了月亮和星星,使我们晚上有点光。上帝造地球给我们居住。
但太阳、月亮、星星和地球并不是上帝最先创造的东西。你知道上帝最先造的是什么吗?上帝首先创造了一些好像自己的生物。我们看不见这些生物,就像我们看不见上帝一样。在圣经里,这些生物称为天使。上帝创造了天使,让他们跟他一起生活在天上。
上帝造的第一个天使非常特别。他是上帝的长子,跟天父一起工作。他帮助上帝创造其他东西。他帮助上帝创造太阳、月亮、星星和我们的地球。
当时地球是什么样子的?起初没有人能够生活在地球上。除了有一片大海覆盖着陆地之外,就没有其他东西了。但上帝很想有人生活在地上。于是他为我们准备各样东西。他做了些什么事呢?
首先,地球需要有光。因此上帝使太阳的光照到地上来,并且使地球有昼夜的分别。后来上帝使陆地从海水里露出来。
起初,陆地上什么也没有。陆地的样子就像你在这幅图画里所见的一样。地上没有花草树木,也没有飞禽走兽,甚至海洋里也没有鱼。所以,上帝还有许多工作要做,才能使地球成为适合动物和人类居住的好地方。
Story 2
A Beautiful Garden
LOOK at the earth here! How pretty everything is! Look at the grass and the trees, the flowers and all the animals. Can you pick out the elephant and the lions?
How did this beautiful garden come to be? Well, let’s see how God got the earth ready for us.
First, God made green grass to cover the land. And he made all kinds of small plants and bushes and trees. These growing things help to make the earth pretty. But they do more than that. Many of them also give us foods that taste very good.
God later made fish to swim in the water and birds to fly in the sky. He made dogs and cats and horses; big animals and small animals. What animals live near your home? Shouldn’t we be glad that God made all these things for us?
Finally, God made one part of the earth a very special place. He called this place the garden of Eden. It was just perfect. Everything about it was beautiful. And God wanted the whole earth to become just like this pretty garden he had made.
But look at the picture of this garden again. Do you know what God saw that was missing? Let’s see.
 
一个美丽的园子
看看地上的情形!每一件东西都多么美丽!看看各种花草树木和虫鱼鸟兽。你认得出大象和狮子来吗?
这个美丽的园子是怎么来的?现在,让我们看看上帝怎样把一切预备妥当,使地球适合我们居住。
首先,上帝创造青草去覆盖大地。他也造出各种细小的植物、灌木丛和大树。这些东西在地上生长,令地球变得十分美丽。不但这样,许多植物更供给我们美味可口的食物。
后来,上帝造鱼在水里游,造鸟在空中飞。他造了猫、狗和马,各种大大小小的动物。你家附近有什么动物?上帝为我们造这些东西,难道我们不应该高兴吗?
最后,上帝把地球的一部分造成一个非常特别的地方。他把这个地方称为伊甸园。这个地方是十全十美的。园里每一件东西都非常美丽。上帝要使整个地球都变成好像他所造的这个美丽园子一样。
可是,请你再看看这幅图画里的园子。你知道上帝发觉园子缺少了什么吗?让我们看看。
 
 
 

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